Nephrology is the branch of internal medicine’s subspecialty that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of kidney-related diseases. A human body has two kidneys; they are the bean-shaped organs located on either side in the retroperitoneal space. Kidneys are responsible for removing waste products and excess fluid from the body. They are also critical for retaining fluid intake and maintaining electrolyte concentrations that may be subjected to change due to numerous conditions or medicines.
Several kidney complications are systematic disorders, i.e. they are not only confined to the organ itself. These conditions need specialized treatment and medical care.

The Nephrology Division at Narayana Health Hospitals offers comprehensive care to patients suffering from a spectrum of chronic and acute kidney diseases. We are one of the best kidney hospitals in India renowned for using advanced facilities and treatment options. The Nephrology experts at NH consistently invest time, effort, and expertise to help people maintain their kidney health through various non-invasive procedures.
Our team of experienced Nephrologists is acclaimed for its rare clinical skills and for providing top-notch treatment to all classes of people ranging from children to adults. We at NH boast an adroit team of professionals including kidney transplant specialists, nephrologists, urologists, and other nursing staff.
Diseases Treated Under the Branch of Nephrology
Nephrology focuses on ensuring the normal functioning of kidneys by treating conditions that hinder its processes. The various conditions that fall under the scope of nephrology include:
Urine abnormalities such as excess excretion of protein, sugar, blood, casts, and crystals
Glomerular complications that affect the tiny filtering systems of the kidneys known the glomerulus
Cancers of the kidneys, bladder, and urethra
Acute, sudden, long-term or chronic Renal failure
Kidney infections
Effects of diseases like diabetes and hypertension on the kidneys
Acid-base fluctuations.
Kidney and bladder stones
Ill effects of toxins and drugs on the kidneys
Nephrotic syndrome and nephritis
Renal vascular diseases that disturb the blood vessel networks within the kidneys.
Tubulointerstitial diseases affecting the kidneys tubules
Autoimmune diseases including lupus and autoimmune vasculitis
Dialysis and its associated long-term complications – hemodialysis as well as peritoneal dialysis
Renal Transplantations
Polycystic kidneys diseases in which large cysts or fluid-filled sacs grow within the kidney damaging its normal functioning – this may be congenital, inherited or genetic.
Anemia related to kidney disease.
Bone disease related to kidney disease
Additional Conditions
The Nephrology team at NH specializes in offering evaluation and treatment for a wide range of kidney-related complications including:
Amyloidosis: This disease is characterized by abnormal growth of protein known as amyloids in different parts of the body.
Diabetic kidney disorder: The long-standing complications of diabetes contribute to kidney diseases. It is one of the prominent causes of kidney failure. Around one-third of people having diabetes are exposed to the risk of developing diabetic nephropathy.
Electrolyte disorders: This condition results from an abnormal imbalance of minerals in the body that results in potentially harmful damage to vital organs including the brain and muscles.
Glomerulonephritis: This is a kind of disease that develops due to inflammation in tiny kidney organs called glomeruli. The glomeruli are important structures that are responsible for removing extra fluid and waste from your bloodstream.
Hypertension (chronic hypertension): This refers to high blood pressure, a condition wherein arteries are exposed to a consistent increase in blood pressure levels. This condition affects different body organs and results in illnesses involving kidney failures, heart failure, aneurysm, and stroke.
Kidney disease: Kidney diseases comprise a wide range of damages to the organ that results in its system failure. These complications make kidneys inefficient to remove waste and excess fluid from the body.
Kidney failure: Also referred to as a renal failure, this is a medical condition in which kidneys become incapable of filtering out waste products from the blood.
Lupus nephritis: This is a condition in which inflammation of kidneys occurs due to systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), an autoimmune disease.
Nephrotic syndrome: This is a kind of kidney disorder that occurs due to damage in small blood cells of the kidney. This syndrome results in excretion of excessive protein in your urine.
Pyelonephritis: This is a kind of bacterial infection that leads to inflammation of substances of the kidney.
Polycystic kidney disorder: It is a genetic disorder that leads to the development of a cluster of cysts within kidneys and results in high blood pressure and kidney failure.
Renal insufficiency: This is a medical condition in which blood flow to kidneys reduces significantly due to renal artery diseases and leads to poor kidney functioning.
Signs and symptoms of Nephrology Diseases

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At Narayana Health, we are convinced that 'quality' and 'lowest cost' are not mutually exclusive when it comes to healthcare delivery. In fact, we are well on our way to demonstrate that we are not running our institution as just another number-only business, but are attractively placed to create an affordable, globally-benchmarked quality-driven healthcare services model. At Narayana Health, we will continue to trust what has worked for us in the past. We will keep our model predominantly asset-light; we will reinvest our accruals; we will engage with governments for land and help them achieve affordable healthcare promises made to their constituencies; we will rent premises from private owners and create small-to-large clinics within existing hospitals. As a result of this flexible approach, we will commission hospitals, medical facilities, and clinics across the breadth of this country, getting closer to patients and taking the promise of quality affordable healthcare to the doorstep of the country's millions. It is this exciting prospect that stokes my motivation to do bigger and better for the glory of the country that is mine.

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